The City of New Orleans was founded in 1718 by French explorers and colonists, but was ceded to Spain in the 1763 Treaty of Paris. Much of the city’s early development, centered in the present day French Quarter, was undertaken by the Spanish. The historic architecture in the French Quarter is, perhaps ironically, of Spanish design. New Orleans returned to French control in 1801, and was sold to the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase.
As Louisiana and New Orleans integrated into the American Republic, the city became a critical outpost for shipping and trade. With the Mississippi River running through the city [...]