Name, State, Role, and Value: What’s it all about? |

Name, State, Role, and Value: What’s it all about?

Written on March 02, 2013

4.1.2 Name, Role, Value: For all user interface components (including but not limited to: form elements, links and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies. (Level A) WCAG 2.0

When I do training on advanced accessibility, attendees are sometimes taken aback when I tell them that HTML is a “polite request”, but it is true. As web developers we like to think that our hard work creating HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is what makes our sites so great, but the reality is that all our hard work is really just a request that says “Please, Mr. Browser, can you make this website do all the cool stuff I’ve designed here?” At the time the user’s browser actually receives your web page and all of its assets, your control of the situation entirely ceases and control for how your site really looks and operates is entirely in the hands of the browser.

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