Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research

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What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Myelin and the immune system

What are the signs and symptoms of MS?

MS exacerbation
Conditions associated with MS

What causes MS?

Genetic susceptibility
Infectious factors and viruses
Environmental factors

How is MS diagnosed?

How is MS treated?

Treatments for attacks
Disease-modifying treatments
Managing MS symptoms
Complementary and alternative therapies

What research is being done?

Intramural research programs on MS
Translational research
Focus on progressive MS therapies Focus on biomarkers

Where can I get more information?

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disease of young adults with symptom onset generally occurring between the ages of 20 to 40 years. In MS, the immune system cells that normally protect us from viruses, bacteria, and unhealthy cells mistakenly attack myelin in the central nervous system (brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord), a substance that makes up the protective sheath (called the myelin sheath) that coats nerve fibers (axons).

MS is a chronic disease that affects people differently. A small number of those with MS will have a mild course with little to no disability, whereas others will have a steadily worsening disease that [...]

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