Hearing Impairment in Novel Preclinical Model of Autism
Author: Medical University of South Carolina | Contact: web.musc.edu
Peer-Reviewed Publication: Yes | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0253-22.2022
Additional References: Autism Information Publications
Synopsis: Researchers uncover hearing impairment in a novel preclinical model of autism in Beyond the brain: A link between hearing loss and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Many patients with ASD show increased sensitivity to sound. While many scientists in the past have looked to the brain for an underlying cause, the MUSC team took a different approach by studying the peripheral hearing system. The findings from this study could be important not only for patients who are MEF2C deficient but also for people with ASD or hearing loss as a whole.
Autism is a common and heritable neuropsychiatric disorder that can be categorized into syndromic and non-syndromic, the former of which are associated with other neurological disorders or syndromes. Syndromic Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder with a clinically defined pattern of somatic abnormalities and a neurobehavioral phenotype that may include ASD. Most have a known genetic cause. Examples include fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis complex. The diagnosis is typically confirmed by targeted genetic testing for trisomy 21 or fragile [...]